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台灣鳥類誌 讀者回饋








趙淑妙 主任/


Dr. Shu-Miaw Chaw

[ email ]

tel: +886-2-2787-1155

Director/ Distinguished Research Fellow
PhD–Tulane University, USA, 1985
Research Fields
Evolution, Phylogenetics and comparative genomics of seed plants
Major Research Achievements (2014-2018)
  • Phylogenetic relationships among the five groups of extant seed plants are presently unsettled. To re-examine this long-standing issue, we have been determining the complete chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes of many key seed plants and lower vascular plants. In addition to obtain a better resolved phylogenetic tree of extant seed plants, we aim to seek for more solid structural evidence for the clades in the tree. My lab is also interested in the characterization and evolution of novel or useful secondary metabolic genes from some indigenous plants with commercial or pharmaceutical values. We have been also investigating the functional divergence of chlorophyll-degradation-related genes encoded the enzyme Chlorophyllase, whose isoforms are expressed in cotyledons, leaves, fruits, and seed coats of soybeans.
Research Interests
  • Molecular phylogeny of major seed plant lineages
  • Evolution of plant organellar genomes
  • Functional divergence of duplicate genes / Comparative genomics
    Ongoing projects
    • Evolution of chloroplast genome structural changes in seed plants
    • Evolution of plant mitochondrial genomes
    • Diversity and evolution of secondary metabolic gene families in endemic plants of Taiwan
      Publications (2009-2018)
      1. CS Wu, TJ Wang, CW Wu, YN Wang , and SM Chaw, 2017, “Plastome Evolution in the Sole Hemiparasitic Genus Laurel Dodder (Cassytha) and Insights into the Plastid Phylogenomics of Lauraceae”, GENOME BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION, 9(10), 2604-2614. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      2. Qu XJ, Wu CS, Chaw SM*, Yi TS*, 2017, “Insights into the Existence of Isomeric Plastomes in Cupressoideae (Cupressaceae)”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 9(4), 1110–1119. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      3. Qu XJ, Jin JJ, Chaw SM, Li DZ*, Yi TS*, 2017, “Multiple measures could alleviate long-branch attraction in phylogenomic reconstruction of Cupressoideae (Cupressaceae)”, SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7, 41005. (SCI) (IF: 5.228; SCI ranking: 11.1%)
      4. Chung-Shien Wu, Shu-Miaw Chaw*, 2016, “Large-Scale Comparative Analysis Reveals the Mechanisms Driving Plastomic Compaction, Reduction, and Inversions in Conifers II (Cupressophytes)”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 8(12), 3740-3750. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      5. Hsu CY, Wu CS, Chaw SM*, 2016, “Birth of four chimeric plastid gene clusters in Japanese umbrella pine.”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 8(6), 1776-1784. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      6. Sudianto E, Wu CS, Lin CP, Chaw SM*, 2016, “Revisiting the plastid phylogenomics of Pinaceae with two complete plastomes of Pseudolarix and Tsuga.”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 8(6), 1804-1811. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      7. Wang JF, Chen MY, Chaw SM, Morii Y, Yoshimura M, Sota T, Lin CP, 2015, “Complete mitochondrial genome of an enigmatic dragonfly, Epiophlebia superstes (Odonata, Epiophlebiidae).”, Mitochondrial DNA, 26(5), 718-719. (SCI) (IF: 1.76; SCI ranking: 74.7%)
      8. Wu CS, Chaw SM, 2015, “Evolutionary Stasis in Cycad Plastomes and the First Case of Plastome GC-Biased Gene Conversion.”, Genome biology and evolution, 7(7), 2000-2009. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      9. Chen MY, Chaw SM, Wang JF, Villanueva RJ, Nuneza OM, Lin CP, 2015, “Mitochondrial genome of a flashwing demoiselle, Vestalis melania from the Philippine Archipelago.”, Mitochondrial DNA, 26(5), 720-721. (SCI) (IF: 1.76; SCI ranking: 74.7%)
      10. Hsu CY, Wu CS, Surveswaran S, Chaw SM, 2015, “The complete plastome sequence of Gnetum ula (Gnetales: Gnetaceae).”, Mitochondrial DNA, 27(5), 3721-3722. (SCI) (IF: 1.76; SCI ranking: 74.7%)
      11. Hsu CY, Wu CS, Chaw SM* , 2014, “Ancient Nuclear Plastid DNA in the Yew Family (Taxaceae)”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 6(8), 2111-2121. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      12. Wang JF, Chen MY, Chaw SM, Morii Y, Yoshimura M, Sota T, Lin CP*, 2014, “Complete mitochondrial genome of an enigmatic dragonfly, Epiophlebia superstes (Odonata, Epiophlebiidae)”, Mitochondrial DNA, 1-2. (SCI) (IF: 1.76; SCI ranking: 74.7%)
      13. Wu CS, Chaw SM*, 2014, “Highly rearranged and size-variable chloroplast genomes in conifer II clade (cupressophytes): selection toward shorter intergenic spacers.”, Plant Biotechnology Journal, 12(3), 344-353. (SCI) (IF: 6.09; SCI ranking: 5.3%,8.1%)
      14. 17. Chen MY, Chaw SM, Wang JF, Villanueva VJT, Nuñeza OM, and Lin CP*, 2014, “Mitochondrial genome of a flashwing demoiselle, Vestalis melania from the Philippine Archipelago.”, Mitochondrial DNA, 26(5), 718-719. (SCI) (IF: 1.76; SCI ranking: 74.7%)
      15. Hsu CY, Wu CS, Chaw SM, 2014, “Ancient nuclear plastid DNA in the yew family (taxaceae).”, Genome biology and evolution, 6(8), 2111-2121. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      16. Wu CS, Chaw SM*, Huang YY , 2013, “Chloroplast phylogenomic indicates that Ginkgo biloba is sister to cycads”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 5(1), 243-254. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      17. Hsu CY, Huang PL, Chen CM, Mao CT, Chaw SM*, 2012, “Tangy Scent in Toonasinensis(Meliaceae)Leaflets: Isolation, Functional Characterization, and Regulation of TsTPS1 and TsTPS2, Two Key TerpeneSynthase Genes in the Biosynthesis of the Scent Compound”, CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, 13(15), 2721-2732. (SCI) (IF: 1.802; SCI ranking: 75.4%,65.1%)
      18. Lin CP, Wu CS, Huang YY, Chaw SM*, 2012, “Complete chloroplast genome of Ginkgo biloba: reveals the mechanism of inverted repeat contraction”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 4, 374-381. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      19. Lai CP, Chen PH, Huang JP, Tzeng YH, Chaw SM, Shaw JF., 2012, “Functional diversification of the Tubby-like protein gene families (TULPs) during eukaryotic evolution.”, Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 1, 2-8. (Others)
      20. Chung-Shien Wu, Ya-Nan Wang, Chih-Yao Hsu, Shu-Miaw Chaw, 2011, “Loss of different inverted repeat copies from the chloroplast genomes of Pinaceae and cupressophytes and influence of heterotachy on the evaluation of gymnosperm phylogeny.”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 3,1284-1295. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      21. Chung-Shien Wu, Ching-Ping Lin, Chih-Yaw Hsu, Ruijiang Wang, Shu-Miaw Chaw*, 2011, “Comparative Chloroplast Genomes of Pinaceae: Insights into the Mechanism of Diversified Genomic Organization. ”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 3, 309-319. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      22. Hong-Fang Li, Shu-Maiw Chaw, Chun-Mei Dua, Yi Ren*, 2011, “Vessel elements present in the secondary xylem of Trochodendron and Tetracentron (Trochodendraceae)”, Flora, 206(6), 595-600. (SCI) (IF: 1.59; SCI ranking: 39.2%,61.3%)
      23. Lin CP, Huang JP, Wu CS, Hsu CY, Chaw SM* , 2010, “Comparative Chloroplast Genomics reveals the evolution of Pinaceae Genera and Subfamilies. Genome Biology and Evolution. 2: 504–517.”, Genome Biology and Evolution, 2, 504-517. (SCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 19.9%,21.7%)
      24. Salmans ML, Chaw SM, Lin CP, Shih AC, Wu YW, Mulligan RM*, 2010, “Editing site analysis in a gymnosperm mitochondrial genome reveals similarities with angiosperm mitochondrial genomes”, CURRENT GENETICS, 56(5), 439-446. (SCI) (IF: 3.385; SCI ranking: 32.5%)
      25. Luo S, Chaw SM, Zhang D*, and Renner SS, 2010, “Flower heating following anthesis and the evolution of gall midge pollination in Schisandraceae”, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY, 97: 1220-1228.. (SCI) (IF: 2.811; SCI ranking: 20.6%)
      26. Lin YT, Lin CP, Chaw SM, Whitman WB, Coleman DC, Chiu CY* , 2010, “Bacterial community of very wet and acidic subalpine forest and fire-induced grassland soils”, Plant and Soil, 332, 417-427. (SCI) (IF: 2.969; SCI ranking: 18.7%,10.8%,14.7%)
      27. Hsieh CR, Yu PJ, Chen LG, Chaw SM, Chang CC, Wang CC* , 2010, “Cytotoxic constituents of Hydrangea angustipetala on human gastric carcinoma cells”, Botanical studies, 51, 45-51.. (SCI) (IF: 1.159; SCI ranking: 57.9%)
      28. Wu SH*, Sun HT, Teng YC, Rejmánek M, Chaw SM, Yang TYA*, Hsieh CF, 2009, “Patterns of plant invasions in China: Taxonomic, biogeographic, climatic approaches and anthropogenic effects ”, Biological Invasions, DOI: 10.1007/s10530-009-9620-3. (SCI) (IF: 2.855; SCI ranking: 30.7%,18.4%)
      29. Chen CH, Huang JP, Tsai CC, and Chaw SM*, 2009, “Phylogeny of Calocedrus (Cupressaceae) , an eastern Asian and western North American disjunct gymnosperm genus, inferred from nuclear ribosomal nrITS sequences”, Botanical Studies, 50:425-433. (SCI) (IF: 1.159; SCI ranking: 57.9%)
      30. Wu CS, Lai YT, Lin CP, Wang YN, Chaw SM* , 2009, “ Evolution of reduced and compact chloroplast genomes (cpDNAs) in gnetophytes: Selection toward a lower-cost strategy”, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52, 115-124. (SCI) (IF: 3.792; SCI ranking: 27.7%,28.3%,29.1%)